(London Guardian) People who live in cities with a high density of food outlets such as takeaways, restaurants and fast-food vendors have an 11% higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes than those who live far from an instant meal, according to new research.

Previous studies have suggested having fast food on the doorstep is a risk factor for obesity, but this is the largest to focus on type 2 diabetes, which is associated with obesity.

The obesity epidemic has been blamed on the “obesogenic environment” around us. Fast-food restaurants, kiosks and snack shops selling cheap, high-calorie food seem to be everywhere. Sales are boosted by advertising campaigns on TV, the internet, in the cinema and on billboards. And life has become sedentary, with most people spending much of their time in front of the computer and TV or in the car.

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